units of affordable housing to be created on New York City public land following an ANHD analysis of the public benefit of non-profit, mission-driven development
ANHD has leveraged its unique position across communities and its data-informed analysis to highlight inequalities in housing and the public benefits of development by non-profit, mission-driven developers.
This research helped to convince city government officials to support the building of more than 3,000 housing units, by ANHD mission-driven developers, on New York City public land in the next few years.
It was also the first coalition of community development groups to use data to map Covid-19 cases to specific neighbourhoods. An analysis of the data, released in a blog on the association’s website in April 2020, showed how planning priorities contributed to disparate impacts of Covid-19.5 A data map of the virus’s spread and hospital closures showed that the majority of cases fell in lower-income communities. Citing research on Covid-19 deaths and ethnicity, the blog noted that “black and Latino workers are dying of Covid at twice the rate of white residents”.6
ANHD combined neighbourhood-level data with data on concentrations of people of colour, where service workers live and where residents are forced to pay more in rent than they can afford. The Association used the analysis to call for city government officials to provide relief to renters and propose some immediate policy actions, including a moratorium on commercial and residential evictions.7
A separate neighbourhood-level analysis of Covid-19 cases in NYC revealed that density alone has little correlation with the impacts of the pandemic.8 However, correlation with high rates of Covid-19 is apparent in overcrowded households, especially in communities of colour, “a metric that directly reflects the history of segregation and inequity in our city,” the blog noted.
“Looking at the data, it became very clear in those early days of Covid that the issue was not density. In fact, the densest parts of the city are those with the lowest numbers of Covid cases, including predominantly white areas with higher rates of access to healthcare,” says Williams. “The Covid cases are actually tied to overcrowding in communities of colour, where there are lots of people living in a small flat, for example.”
Figure 1: ANHD’s Covid-19 Impact and Analysis Maps